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Wednesday 24 February 2016

24/02 :  XVIII AIRBORNE CORPS DESERT SHIELD CHRONOLOGY

  

XVIII AIRBORNE CORPS
DESERT SHIELD CHRONOLOGY
1-23 February 1991

1 February (C+178; D+15)

----- 3d Brigade, 82d Airborne Division, begins deployment from Thumama to Rafha; ten C-130 Hercules intratheater

sorties flown. [XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 1 Feb 91; 82d Airborne Division SITREP 178 (1 Feb 91)]

----- Headquarters and Headquarters Company (-), 360th Civil Affairs Brigade deploys for Logistical Base

CHARLIE. [360th Civil Affairs Brigade SITREP, 13 (1 Feb 91)]

----- Fifteen-vehicle convoy from the 18th Personnel Group and

XVIII Airborne Corps G-1 section departs DRAGON CITY, with estimated time of arrival at the Rear Command Post on 2 February. [18th Personnel Group SITREP 123 (1 Feb 91)]

1000- 1st Battalion, 24th Aviation, flies photographic

1340 reconnaissance of border with three AH-64 Apaches and four OH-58C Kiowas. [24th Infantry Division SITREP, 1 Feb 91]

1500 82d Airborne Division Main Command Post resumes command

and control of division in Assembly Area PLUM, having arrived during the night of 31 January/1 June. [XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 1 Feb 91; 82d Airborne Division SITREP 178 (1 Feb 91)]

2215 82d Airborne Division patrol engages Iraqi patrol of

two vehicles and twenty men at LT 878968 with machine guns and small arms; no casualties. [XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post Journals]

2 February (C+179; D+16)

----- All combat power of XVIII Airborne Corps (except the 3d Brigade, 82d Airborne Division) has closed into

forward locations. [XVIII Airborne Corps Rear Command Post SITREP, 2 Feb 91]

----- 197th Infantry Brigade's tactical operations center resumes command and control of the brigade from the

tactical command post. [24th Infantry Division SITREP, 2 Feb 91]

----- 82d Airborne Division trail party ground convoy departs CHAMPION MAIN. [XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 2 Feb

91]

----- 101st Airborne Division's share of XVIII Airborne Corps Artillery consists of Battery C (M-198 155mm towed

howitzers), 5th Battalion, 8th Field Artillery, in general support and Battery C (M-270 MLRS), 6th Battalion, 27th Field Artillery, in general support reinforcing. [101st Airborne Division SITREP 178 (2 Feb 91)]

----- Platoon-sized elements of the 21st, 65th and 108th Military Police Companies and Headquarters of the

503d Military Police Battalion close into Logistical Base CHARLIE. [16th Military Police Brigade SITREP 138 (2 Feb 91)]

----- 844th Engineer Battalion equipment begins arriving at port; personnel arrive by air into theater and are

quartered at MABCO Compound. [20th Engineer Brigade SITREPs, 2 and 3 Feb 91]

----- 35th Signal Brigade establishes record communications to

XVIII Airborne Corps Artillery, the 3d Armored Cavalry, and the 24th Infantry Division. [35th Signal Brigade SITREP, 2 Feb 91]

----- Company D, 522d Military Intelligence Battalion extracts both long-range surveillance teams from named area

of interest target surveillance missions employing UH-60 Blackhawks. [525th Military Intelligence Brigade SITREP 123 (2 Feb 91)]

----- Headquarters and Headquarters Company (-), 360th Civil Affairs Brigade, closes into Logistical Base

CHARLIE (MT 21073431). [360th Civil Affairs Brigade SITREPs, 14 (2 Feb 91) and 35 (23 Feb 91)]

----- Advance detachment (11 personnel and 5 vehicles) of 450th Civil Affairs Company arrives in theater. [360th

Civil Affairs Brigade SITREP, 14 (2 Feb 91)]

0845 First of two serials of VICTORY STATION (24th Infantry Division rear support operations element) departs

Ad Dammam to set up Division Support Area at MT 733028. [24th Infantry Division SITREP, 2 Feb 91]

0945 Second VICTORY STATION serial departs Ad Dammam. [24th Infantry Division SITREP, 2 Feb 91]

1000Z 1st Brigade, 24th Infantry Division, tactical command post closes into assembly area. [24th Infantry

Division SITREP, 2 Feb 91]

1835Z Reconnaissance section of 2d Foreign Legion Infantry Regiment (6th [French] Light Armored Division)

makes contact with Iraqi patrol of 10-12 personnel near the Saudi Arabian frontier post at Markez al Batin (LU 8711); 11th Marine Artillery Regiment support with fires; firing ceases at 1855Z. [XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 2 Feb 91]

3 February (C+180; D+17)

----- Commanding generals of the 6th (French) Light Armored and 82d Airborne Divisions confer. [82d Airborne

Division SITREP 180 (3 Feb 91)]

----- 3d Brigade, 82d Airborne Division, begins air movement; Task Force 3-505 leads. [82d Airborne Division

SITREP 180 (3 Feb 91); NOTE: XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 3 Feb 91, says bad weather forced cancellation of 70 planned C-130 Hercules sorties to move 82d elements to Rafha]

----- 251st Rear Area Operations Center closes into Logistical Base CHARLIE (location of Rear Command Post

tactical command post). [XVIII Airborne Corps Rear Command Post SITREP, 3 Feb 91]

----- 12th Aviation Brigade briefs BG Scholes on brigade's deep operations, and conducts briefback by subordinate

battalion commanders on OPLAN GRIFFIN STRIKE III. [12th Aviation Brigade SITREP, 3 Feb 91]

----- 16th Military Police Brigade reports that the 503d and 519th Military Police Battalions have begun to

transition from Phase II to Phase III operations. [16th Military Police Brigade SITREP 139 (3 Feb 91)]

---- 52d Engineer Battalion completes Combat Trail YANKEE. [20th Engineer Brigade SITREP, 3 Feb 91]
---- Headquarters Detachment (-), 18th Personnel Group, switches to Building 202, Khobar Towers. [18th

Personnel Group SITREP 125 (3 Feb 91)]

----- Final element of 129th Postal Company closes into Logistical Base BRAVO. [18th Personnel Group

SITREP 125 (3 Feb 91)]

----- 360th Civil Affairs Brigade receives six additional Kuwaiti linguists (raising total to 31). [360th

Civil Affairs Brigade SITREP, 15 (3 Feb 91)]

----- Second increment of 450th Civil Affairs Company arrives at Khobar Towers (raising in-theater strength of

company to 77). [360th Civil Affairs Brigade SITREP, 15 (3 Feb 91)]

0130Z VICTORY STATION convoy closes into 24th Infantry Division's division support area in Area of

Operations TEAK. [24th Infantry Division SITREP, 3 Feb 91]

1500Z 24th Infantry Division Rear Command Post begins deployment in three serials to the division support

area (MT 733028). [24th Infantry Division SITREP, 3 Feb 91]

4 February (C+181; D+18)

----- Ground control approach equipment at the Forward Landing Strip in Logistical Base CHARLIE becomes fully

operational. [18th Aviation Brigade SITREP, 4 Feb 91]

----- French Minister of Defense and Chief of Staff of the Army visit 6th (French) Light Armored Division. [6th

(French) Light Armored Division SITREP, 4 Feb 91; XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 4 Feb 91]

----- 82d Airborne Division reports that 92% has closed into their tactical assembly areas; the division trail

party left CHAMPION MAIN in the morning; Task Force 3-505 closed in the morning and during the day most of Task Force 2-505 (3d Brigade) closed; Aviation Brigade, 82d Airborne Division, completed closure of all aircraft into Forward Operating Base ASHEVILLE with the arrival of the last UH-60 Blackhawk and OH-58 Kiowa helicopters, and ground convoys from brigade elements closed all day long. [82d Airborne Division SITREP 181 (4 Feb 91)]

----- All 24th Infantry Division Artillery howitzers are in assembly areas. [24th Infantry Division SITREP, 4

Feb 91]

----- 197th Infantry Brigade completes occupation of Assembly Area SLEDGEHAMMER. [24th Infantry Division SITREP,

4 Feb 91]

----- Final element (Headquarters and Headquarters Battery) of the 1st Battalion, 5th Air Defense Artillery,

closes into Area of Operations TEAK. [24th Infantry Division SITREP, 4 Feb 91]

----- 101st Airborne Division's ground convoy team (181 personnel) moves to Camp EAGLE II to pick up new M-998-series HMMWVs at port. [101st Airborne

Division SITREP 180 (4 Feb 91)]

----- Advance detachments of the 196th Field Artillery Brigade and its subordinate battalions arrive in theater.

[XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 4 Feb 91]

----- 299th Engineer Battalion (36th Engineer Group) closes into Area of Operations TEAK. [24th Infantry

Division SITREP, 4 Feb 91]

----- 360th Civil Affairs Brigade operational in tactical assembly area. [XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 4 Feb

91]

----- FAST team from 107th Finance Support Unit sets up operations in Logistical Base CHARLIE. [18th

Finance Group SITREP, Feb 91]

0700 24th Infantry Division Rear Command Post closes into Area of Operations TEAK. [24th Infantry Division

SITREP, 4 Feb 91]

0500Z VICTORY STATION (24th Finance and 24th Personnel Service Companies) operational. [24th Infantry Division

SITREP, 4 Feb 91]

0900 COL Barry Baer (Commander, 18th Finance Group) departs

King Khalid Military City. [18th Finance Group SITREP, 4 Feb 91]

1400 BG(P) Edison Scholes, Deputy Commanding General, arrives at XVIII Airborne Corps Rear Command Post (King

Khalid Military City). [XVIII Airborne Corps Rear Command Post SITREP, 4 Feb 91; XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post Journals give time as 1506]

1522Z 24th Infantry Division Rear Command Post's last element close into tactical assembly area. [XVIII Airborne

Corps SITREP, 4 Feb 91]

1700Z XVIII Airborne Corps FRAGO 25 to OPORD DESERT STORM detaches Company K (Aviation Intermediate

Maintenance), 158th Aviation from 1st Support Command for attachment to VII Corps effective 1500Z on 5 February.

5 February (C+182; D+19)

----- LTG Yeosock visits 82d Airborne Division Main Command Post. [82d Airborne Division SITREP 182 (5 Feb

91)]

----- LTG Yeosock is briefed at 101st Airborne Division Main Command Post. [101st Airborne Division SITREP 180

(4 Feb 91)]

----- 724th Support Battalion (Main) establishes Division Support Area #1. [24th Infantry Division SITREP, 5

Feb 91]

----- Task Force 1-505 (3d Brigade, 82d Airborne Division) begins air movement. [82d Airborne Division SITREP

182 (5 Feb 91)]

----- 2d Brigade, 101st Airborne Division, coordinates with XVIII Airborne Corps Deputy Chief of Staff on

tactical combat force mission. [101st Airborne Division SITREP 180 (4 Feb 91)]

----- Main body of 1st Battalion, 201st Field Artillery (196th Field Artillery Brigade) arrives in theater.

[XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 5 Feb 91]

----- 16th Military Police Brigade Jump Tactical Operations Center displaces to Logistical Base CHARLIE (MT

270316) from the corps Rear Command Post. [16th Military Police Brigade SITREP 141 (5 Feb 91); also see XVIII Airborne Corps Rear Command Post SITREP, 5 Feb 91, which specifies that it left a platoon behind as a security element for the Rear Command Post]

----- 251st Support Center (Rear Area Operations) closes into

Logistical Base CHARLIE, leaving the 116th Support Center (Rear Area Operations) responsible for the King Khalid Military City area. [XVIII Airborne Corps Rear Command Post SITREP, 5 Feb 91]

0001 503d and 519th Military Police Battalions terminate Phase II battlefield circulation control and main supply

route security missions. [16th Military Police Brigade SITREP 141 (5 Feb 91)]

0015 COL Darling (Commander, 196th Field Artillery Brigade)

arrives in theater. [XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post Journals]

0930 AH-1F (Tail # 222) of 3d Armored Cavalry has brownout while hovering and crashes; six TOWs and twelve

2.75" rockets lost in crash; both crew members evacuated with injuries to the 86th Evacuation Hospital at King Khalid Military City. [3d Armored Cavalry SITREP, 5 Feb 91]

1300 Company A, 319th Military Intelligence Battalion, departs DRAGON CITY. [525th Military Intelligence Brigade

SITREP 126 (5 Feb 91)]

1832Z XVIII Airborne Corps FRAGO 26 to OPORD DESERT STORM directs the 16th Military Police Brigade to detach

the 210th Military Police Company to the Operational Control of the 101st Airborne Division and the 810th Military Police Company to the Operational Control of the 82d Airborne Division effective 0900Z on 9 February.

6 February (C+183; D+20)

---- 101st Airborne Division reports harassing mortar fire in sector. [XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 6 Feb 91]
---- BG Le Pichon, Chief of Staff of DAGUET Force, visits 6th (French) Light Armored Division. [XVIII Airborne

Corps SITREP, 6 Feb 91]

----- 1st ship carrying equipment of 1st Battalion, 201st Field Artillery, begins unloading. [XVIII Airborne Corps

SITREP, 6 Feb 91; XVIII Airborne Corps Artillery SITREP, 6 Feb 91]

1700 6th (French) Light Armored Division reports receiving artillery or mortar fire at three different

locations between Phase Line RAZOR and the Line of Departure. [6th (French) Light Armored Division SITREP, 6 Feb 91; XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 6 Feb 91]

2241 3d Brigade, 82d Airborne Division, completes closure into Tactical Assembly Area PLUM with the exception of

Company C, 1st Battalion, 505th Infantry, remaining at Riyadh; this completes Phase II closure of combat power of XVIII Airborne Corps. [82d Airborne Division SITREP 184 (7 Feb 91); XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 6 Feb 91, which cites time as 1941Z]

7 February (C+184; D+21)

----- GEN Schwarzkopf visits XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post and the 2d Squadron, 3d Armored

Cavalry. [XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 7 Feb 91]

----- MG Mouscardes (Commanding General, 6th [French] Light

Armored Division) medically evacuated to France; COL Lusque becomes acting Commanding General until BG Janvier can arrive from France [XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post Journals]

----- BG Gazeau, Deputy Commanding General for ground forces, visits 6th (French) Light Armored Division. [6th

(French) Light Armored Division SITREP, 7 Feb 91]

----- 503d and 519th Military Police Battalions (16th Military

Police Brigade) begin movement to Phase III areas of responsibility. [16th Miltiary Police Brigade SITREP 143 (7 Feb 91), noting that they will continue moving on 8 February, as will the 759th Military Police Battalion, and that on completion of the movement the 519th will take over the area security mission for Logistical Base CHARLIE from the 160th Military Police Battalion]

----- First increment of 431st Civil Affairs Company arrives in theater. [360th Civil Affairs Brigade SITREP,

19 (7 Feb 91)]

----- 1st Battalion, 502d Infantry, assumes tactical combat force mission. [101st Airborne Division SITREP 183

[7 Feb 91)]

----- 3d Battalion, 502d Infantry, assumes 101st Airborne Division reserve mission. [101st Airborne Division

SITREP 183 [7 Feb 91)]

----- Final 101st Airborne Division Support Command elements clear Logistical Site ROMEO and Forward Operating

Base BASTOGNE. [101st Airborne Division SITREP 183 [7 Feb 91)]

0001-0230 101st Airborne Division reports Iraqi jamming. [XVIII Airborne Corps INTSUM 377]

0210 UH-1V from 229th Medical Detachment crashes at LT 923539; five casualties transported to 15th Evacuation

Hospital by the 326th Medical Battalion. [101st Airborne Division SITREP 183 [7 Feb 91)]

1640 LTG Gary E. Luck arrives at XVIII Airborne Corps Rear Command Post for overnight visit. [XVIII Airborne

Corps Rear Command Post SITREP, 6 Feb 91]

8 February (C+185; D+22)

----- XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post completes antifratricide marking of all vehicles. [XVIII

Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post SITREP 162 (8 Feb 91)]

----- Logistical Base CHARLIE identified as having 38 bases organized into 10 base clusters. [XVIII Airborne

Corps Rear Command Post SITREP, 8 Feb 91]

----- XVIII Airborne Corps Artillery hosts artillery commanders' conference. [XVIII Airborne Corps

Artillery SITREP, 8 Feb 91]

----- Two French soldiers slightly injured in traffic accident in 6th (French) Light Armored Division rear area.

[6th (French) Light Armored Division SITREP, 8 Feb 91]

----- 326th Engineer Battalion completes construction of Main Supply Route NEWMARKET from Main Supply Route DODGE

to Phase Line RAZOR. [101st Airborne Division SITREP 184 [8 Feb 91)]

----- 1st Battalion, 201st Field Artillery, completes unloading of equipment. [XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 8 Feb

91]

----- Main body of the 25th Rear Area Operations Center arrives in theater at Dhahran. [XVIII Airborne Corps Rear

Command Post SITREP, 8 Feb 91]

---- 12th Aviation Brigade completes air movement plan. [12th Aviation Brigade SITREP, 8 Feb 91]
---- 35th Signal Brigade establishes tactical telephone communications to the 18th Personnel Group at King

Khalid Military City. [35th Signal Brigade SITREP, 8 Feb 91]

----- Company A (Interrogation), 519th Military Intelligence Battalion, deploys advance detachment to Corps

Interrogation Facility. [525th Military Intelligence Brigade SITREP 129 (8 Feb 91)]

----- 1st Support Command (Corps) strength in theater is

20,313 personnel. 46th Support Group is providing support on the Southern Route; 101st Support Group is improving its tactical assembly area; the 171st Support Group is moving into its tactical assembly area; and the 507th Support Group is in Logistical Base CHARLIE. [1st Support Command SITREP 190 (8 Feb 91)]

----- Detachment of 450th Civil Affairs Company departs Khobar Towers to begin direct support of 3d Armored

Cavalry. [360th Civil Affairs Brigade SITREP, 20 (8 Feb 91)]

----- ARCENT informs 360th Civil Affairs Brigade that the 431st Civil Affairs Company will become part of the 352d

Civil Affairs Command (supporting ARCENT). [360th Civil Affairs Brigade SITREP, 20 (8 Feb 91)]

0155 SCUD missile fired from within five nautical miles of QU 727416 against Riyadh. [XVIII Airborne Corps

INTSUM 379]

0930- 24th Infantry Division conducts friendly aircraft

1200 identification exercise involving a French Puma and a French Gazelle helicopter, escorted by a United States Army UH-1 Iroquois. [24th Infantry Division SITREP, 8 Feb 91]

0945 3d Armored Cavalry reports that 1st Squadron cargo Heavy Expanded-Mobility Tactical Truck catches fire at NS

030956 with cargo of 155mm howitzer ammunition; explosive ordnance disposal assets respond at 1006; lost in resulting fire were 128 DPICM rounds, 10 COPPERHEAD rounds, and assorted charges, primers and fuses. [3d Armored Cavalry SITREPs, 8 and 9 Feb 91]

1000 LTG Yeosock holds pre-brief in Riyadh; MG McCaffrey attends. [24th Infantry Division SITREP, 8 Feb 91]

1435 All 16th Military Police Brigade elements complete

closure into Phase III locations. [XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post Journals]

9 February (C+186; D+23)

----- BG Bernard Janvier assumes command of the 6th (French) Light Armored Division. [6th (French) Light

Armored Division SITREP, 8 Feb 91]

----- MG McCaffrey briefs operations plan to Secretary of Defense Cheney and GEN Colin Powell at ARCENT

Headquarters. [24th Infantry Division SITREP, 9 Feb 91]

----- Company A, 1st Battalion, 505th Infantry, replaces Company C of the same battalion as the Quick

Reaction Force in Riyadh. [82d Airborne Division SITREP 186 (9 Feb 91); XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 9 Feb 91]

----- 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division, conducts tactical exercise without troops of its mission to occupy

Forward Operating Base COBRA, with support from the Aviation Brigade, 101st Airborne Division. [101st Airborne Division SITREP 185 [9 Feb 91)]

----- 3d Armored Cavalry staff and commanders are working on

a contingency plan for the capture of Objective PURPLE. [3d Armored Cavalry SITREP, 9 Feb 91]

----- 3d Armored Cavalry receives ten M-1A1 Heavy Armor tanks allowing 2d Squadron to begin exchange. [3d

Armored Cavalry SITREP, 9 Feb 91, which also reports that the regiment will receive a total of 108 M-3A2 and fourteen M-2A2 Bradley Fighting Vehicles as part of the equipment exchange]

----- 3d Armored Cavalry support elements in the Regimental

Support Area are working on installing nine Mine Plow and four Mine Roller sets on regimental tanks. [3d Armored Cavalry SITREP, 9 Feb 91]

----- 3d Armored Cavalry direct support detachment of 450th Civil Affairs Company arrives in Assembly Area

CACTUS; advance detachment of 450th Civil Affairs Company (-) arrives at 82d Airborne Division. [360th Civil Affairs Brigade SITREP, 21 (9 Feb 91)]

----- 196th Field Artillery Brigade reports that it has 1,140

personnel in country: HHB has 153 personnel in country and all equipment; the 1st Battalion, 201st Field Artillery has 459 personnel in country and all equipment (45 tracked and 87 wheeled vehicles); the 1st Battalion, 181st Field Artillery has 448 personnel in country, but only 33 wheeled vehicles; and that the 1st Battalion, 623d Field Artillery has only 80 personnel and 33 wheeled vehicles in country. Remaining ships and due-i dates are Chappelle (13 Feb), Hauge (16 Feb), Arcade Falcon (18 Feb), Cygnus (21 Feb), Noxus Pride (23 Feb), and Jupiter (23 Feb). [196th Field Artillery Brigade SITREP, 9 Feb 91]

----- 937th Engineer Group begin emplacing half-set of

M-19 matting for 12th Aviation Brigade logistical pad. [12th Aviation Brigade SITREPs, 9 and 10 Feb 91]

----- 107th Finance Support Unit is at Logistical Base CHARLIE.

[18th Finance Group SITREP, 9 Feb 91]

0336 One SCUD fired against Israel; impacts at 0344. [XVIII Airborne Corps INTSUM 381]

0900Z XVIII Airborne Corps advances to Threat Condition CHARLIE. [XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 10 Feb 91]

2235 450th Civil Affairs Company (-) arrives in Logistical Base CHARLIE. [360th Civil Affairs Brigade SITREP,

22 (10 Feb 91)]

10 February (C+187; D+24)

----- Company C, 3d Battalion, 7th Infantry, under the operational control of Company D, 3d Battalion,

69th Armor, conducts reconnaissance of berm. [24th Infantry Division SITREP, 10 Feb 91]

---- 82d Airborne Division briefs LTG Luck. [82d Airborne Division SITREP 187 (10 Feb 91)]
---- 101st Airborne Division moves 80 of planned 215 personnel to Camp EAGLE II by C-130 Hercules to pick up

additional M-998-series HMMWVs from port. [101st Airborne Division SITREP 186 [10 Feb 91)]

---- BG Scholes visits XVIII Airborne Corps Artillery. [XVIII Airborne Corps Artillery SITREP, 10 Feb 91]
---- 1st Battalion, 201st Field Artillery (196th Field Artillery Brigade), departs Dhahran for Assembly

Area PINE. [MFR, 1st Battalion, 201st Field Artillery, subj.: 1-201 FA After Action Report, OPERATION DESERT SHIELD/STORM, 9 July 1991]

----- 810th Military Police Camp (Army Reserve, Tampa, Florida) and 450th Civil Affairs Company (Army Reserve,

Riverdale, Maryland) are attached to XVIII Airborne Corps.

----- 407th Civil Affairs Company begins arriving at Khobar Towers. [360th Civil Affairs Brigade SITREP, 22

(10 Feb 91)]

0800 3d Armored Cavalry regimental tactical operations center begins displacing from MT 977077 to MT 918135;

completes movement and assumes operational status by 1100. [3d Armored Cavalry SITREPs, 9 and 10 Feb 91; XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 10 Feb 91]

0930 450th Civil Affairs Company (-) departs Logistical Base CHARLIE to join 82d Airborne Division. [360th

Civil Affairs Brigade SITREP, 22 (10 Feb 91)]

1330 BG(P) Scholes arrives at Rear Command Post. [XVIII

Airborne Corps Rear Command Post SITREP, 10 Feb 91]

1515 BG Janvier makes first visit to LTG Luck at Rafha after assuming command of the 6th (French) Light Armored

Division; announces that the division is to be reinforced by MART (French remotely piloted vehicles) and 120-man CRAP (deep operations commandos). [6th (French) Light Armored Division SITREP, 10 Feb 91; XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 10 Feb 91]

1330Z XVIII Airborne Corps FRAGO 27 to OPORD DESERT STORM gives the 101st Airborne Division the on order mission to

screen the left flank of the 6th (French) Light Armored Division if the French attack before the 101st Airborne Division.

11 February (C+188; D+25)

----- Logistical Base CHARLIE identified as having 40 bases organized into 11 base clusters. [XVIII Airborne

Corps Rear Command Post SITREP, 11 Feb 91]

----- Rear detachment of the 116th Rear Area Operations Center arrives at King Khalid Military City. [XVIII

Airborne Corps Rear Command Post SITREP, 11 Feb 91]

----- Liaison team from the 6th (French) Light Armored Division and part of the 450th Civil Affairs Company join

82d Airborne Division. [82d Airborne Division SITREP 188 (11 Feb 91)]

----- 2d Brigade, 24th Infantry Division, tactical command post moves to MT 787196. [24th Infantry Division

SITREP, 11 Feb 91]

----- 101st Airborne Division completes C-130 movement of

M-998-series HMMWV convoy personnel (raising two-day total to 211 drivers). [101st Airborne Division SITREP 187 [11 Feb 91)]

---- 12th Aviation Brigade logistical pad completed. [12th Aviation Brigade SITREP, 11 Feb 91]
---- 15th Military Intelligence Battalion deploys Tactical Imagery Interpretation Facility to Corps Main

Command Post at Rafha. [525th Military Intelligence Brigade SITREP 132 (11 Feb 91)]

----- Fuel stockage in Logistical Base CHARLIE reaches 90% of objective (5.21 million gallons of the 5.8 million

goal). [XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 11 Feb 91]

0500 1st Battalion, 201st Field Artillery, departs for Assembly Area OLIVE; later in day advance

detachment closes. [XVIII Airborne Corps Artillery SITREPs, 10 and 11 Feb 91; XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 11 Feb 91]

1422Z XVIII Airborne Corps FRAGO 28 to OPORD DESERT STORM directs the establishment of decontamination sites

and decontamination support between the line of departure and Objective WHITE on Main Supply Route TEXAS, and in the vicinity of Objective WHITE and Logistical Base OSCAR by the 6th (French) Light Armored Division with support from the 1st Support Command prior to the initiation of movement.

1835- 101st Airborne Division Jump Command Post and division 2036 deception cell conducts active communications

deception operations while division's Main Command Post maintains listening silence. [101st Airborne Division SITREP 187 [11 Feb 91)]

1645Z One probable Al Abbas fired from Al Jabariyah complex (FT 811916) against Israel, detonating east of Tel

Aviv at 1701Z. [XVIII Airborne Corps INTSUM 386 and 387, which gives time as 1954 and says that missile shot down]

2140 2d Brigade, 82d Airborne Division, reports that three Iraqi patrols might have crossed into 6th (French)

Light Armored Division sector (and that artillery has been fired at two of them): one at LT 914954 of approximately twenty five personnel; one at LT 912965 of a squad; and one of unknown size at LT 905973. [XVIII Airborne Corps INTSUM 387]

1902Z One probable Al Abbas fired from Safwan (QU 614478) against Riyadh; shot down. [XVIII Airborne Corps

INTSUMs 386 and 387, which gives time as 2220]

12 February (C+189; D+26)

----- 6th (French) Light Armored Division receives reinforcing MART (remotely piloted vehicle) element, CRAP (120

deep operations commandos), and two US psychological operations loudspeaker HMMWVs. [6th (French) Light Armored Division SITREP, 12 Feb 91]

----- Night of 12/13 February Company A, 2d Battalion, 7th Infantry, attached to the 4th Battalion, 64th

Armor, conducts border reconnaissance in conjunction with 2d Squadron, 4th Cavalry. [24th Infantry Division SITREP, 12 Feb 91]

----- 1st Battalion, 201st Field Artillery, closes into Assembly Area OLIVE and is attached to the 18th

Field Artillery Brigade. [XVIII Airborne Corps Artillery SITREPs, 12 and 13 Feb 91; XVIII Airborne Corps SITREPS, 12 and 13 Feb 91]

----- 7th Transportation Battalion completes movement to Logistical Base CHARLIE. [1st Support Command

SITREP 194 (12 Feb 91)]

----- Main body of 844th Engineer Battalion arrives in forward location. [20th Engineer Brigade SITREP, 12 Feb

91; SITREPs for 14 and 15 Feb indicate that only 75% of equipment has arrived with one more shipload still en route to theater]

----- Main body of Company A, 519th Military Intelligence Battalion, deploys to Corps Interrogation Facility

(LT 595812). [525th Military Intelligence Brigade SITREP 133 (12 Feb 91)]

----- XVIII Airborne Corps displaced civilian handover point location selected at Al Um Radmah (MS 700710).

[XVIII Airborne Corps Rear Command Post SITREP, 12 Feb 91]

----- Due to heavy issues (568,000 gallons), fuel stockage in Logistical Base CHARLIE drops back to 80% of

objective. [XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 12 Feb 91]

0130 COL Barry Baer (Commander, 18th Finance Group) arrives

at Dhahran. [18th Finance Group SITREP, 12 Feb 91]

0234 Probable Al Abbas (60th SCUD-type missile fired in war) launched towards Tel Aviv with probable impact on

the West Bank. [XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP 387]

0710 Convoy of 108 101st Airborne Division vehicles (primarily new M-998-series HMMWVs) departs Camp EAGLE II.

[101st Airborne Division SITREP 188 [12 Feb 91)]

1800- 3d Armored Cavalry conducts psychological operations 2030 mission to broadcast surrender appeal to border

post at MT 95832862 with security provided by Troop E. [3d Armored Cavalry SITREP, 12 Feb 91]

13 February (C+190; D+27)

----- 6th (French) Light Armored Division visited by the commanding general of COTAM (French equivalent of

the Military Airlift Command). [6th (French) Light Armored Division SITREP, 13 Feb 91]

----- BG Janvier visits MG Johnson at 82d Airborne Division Main Command Post. [82d Airborne Division SITREP

190 (13 Feb 91)]

----- 18th Aviation Brigade conducts DESERT STORM Phase III mission briefing for LTG Luck. [18th Aviation

Brigade SITREP, 13 Feb 91]

0230 One Iraqi defector apprehended in the 2d Brigade, 82d Airborne Division, sector. [6th (French) Light

Armored Division SITREP, 13 Feb 91; XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post Journals says that capture was made by Headquarters Battery, 5th Battalion, 8th Field Artillery, but gives no time]

1142 Probable Al Abbas launched from within five nautical miles of MC 613253; fragments impact near Hafar al

Batin. [XVIII Airborne Corps INTSUM 391]

1144 Probable Al Abbas launched from MC 644253; fragments impact near Hafar al Batin. [XVIII Airborne Corps

INTSUM 391]

1050Z XVIII Airborne Corps FRAGO 29 to OPORD DESERT STORM detaches the 431st Civil Affairs Company from the

360th Civil Affairs Brigade for attachment to ARCENT effective 1200Z on 13 February. [Also see XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 13 Feb 91]

2247 82d Airborne Division engages Iraqi patrol at LT 912969, firing six rounds of 105mm artillery at

it. [XVIII Airborne Corps INTSUM 391]

14 February (C+191; D+28)<1> ----- French Prime Minister and Minister of Defense visit 6th (French) Light Armored Division and 2d Brigade,

82d Airborne Division. [6th (French) Light Armored Division SITREP, 14 Feb 91; 82d Airborne Division SITREP 191 (14 Feb 91)]

----- 5th Battalion, 101st Aviation, conducts air mission briefing of plan for 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne

Division, air assault into Forward Operating Base COBRA. [101st Airborne Division SITREP 190 (14 Feb 91)]

----- 101st Airborne Division sends another 234 personnel back to Camp EAGLE II to pick up additional M-998-series HMMWVs from port. [101st Airborne Division

SITREP 190 (14 Feb 91)]

----- Company A, 519th Military Intelligence Battalion, establishes full operations at temporary Corps

Interrogation Facility at Rafha. [525th Military Intelligence Brigade SITREP 135 (14 Feb 91)]

----- 19th Replacement Detachment processing to date during

deployment consists of 625 personnel for the 24th Infantry Division, 347 for the 82d Airborne Division, 619 for the 101st Airborne Division, 194 for the 3d Armored Cavalry, 541 for the XVIII Airborne Corps Artillery, 192 for the 11th Air Defense Artillery Brigade, 2 for the 12th Aviation Brigade, 81 for the 18th Aviation Brigade, 203 for the 20th Engineer Brigade, 58 for the 35th Signal Brigade, 39 for the 525th Military Intelligence Brigade, 9 for the 18th Finance Group, 22 for the 18th Personnel Group, 651 for the 1st Support Command, and 40 for Dragon Brigade; total replacements processed are 3,720 including 1,076 in a single week. [18th Personnel Group SITREP 136 (14 Feb 91)]

0900- 24th Infantry Division conducts first day of two-day 1700 map exercise at Division Main Command Post to

complete backbriefs of Phases I and II of operations plan. [24th Infantry Division SITREPs, 13 and 14 Feb 91]

0800Z XVIII Airborne Corps FRAGO 31 to OPORD DESERT STORM shifts the Corps Fire Support Coordination Line #1

north to coincide with Main Supply Route OHIO effective 0800Z on 14 February. [Also see XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 14 Feb 91]

1210 6th (French) Light Armored Division has two SCUD

alerts. [6th (French) Light Armored Division SITREP, 14 Feb 91]

1900 Company B, 2d Battalion, 7th Infantry (1st Brigade, 24th Infantry Division), initiates combat patrol

into the town of Nisab (MT 726299) with mounted support from the remainder of the company, supported by the battalion's mortars and by Company D. [24th Infantry Division SITREP, 4 Feb 91]

1600Z Task Force 2-7 Infantry establishes ambush in town of Nisab (MT 726299) to exploit Iraqi border guard

routine pattern. [XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 14 Feb 91]

1620Z XVIII Airborne Corps FRAGO 32 to OPORD DESERT STORM retroactively (due to late ARCENT notification)

relieves the 1st Support Command of responsibility for the operation and support of Convoy Support Center SIERRA effective 2100Z on 12 February.

2200- 1st Battalion, 101st Aviation, conducts aerial zone 0200 reconnaissance across the forward line of own

troops, employing one team on the east and one on the west of the division zone; each team consists of two AH-64 Apaches (joined in mid-mission by two additional Apaches) and two OH-58D Kiowas; initial observations reported no activity out to Phase Line CHARGER; post-mission review of gunsight videotape revealed an estimated infantry platoon on a ridge near Main Supply Route NEWMARKET (MU 526181). Battery C, 2d Battalion, 320th Field Artillery, had displaced forward of Phase Line RAZOR to provide fire support if needed, but returned prior to the beginning of mean nautical twilight. Electronic warfare support of this operation was provided from 2205 to 2350 by one EH-60 QUICKFIX operating behind Phase Line RAZOR and from 2130 to 0130 by US Air Force an EF-111 Raven. [101st Airborne Division SITREP 191 (15 Feb 91); XVIII Airborne Corps SITREPs, 14 and 15 Feb 91]

15 February (C+192; D+29)

---- 12th Aviation Brigade rapid refuel point completed. [12th Aviation Brigade SITREP, 15 Feb 91]
---- 12th Aviation Brigade conducts long-range surveillance unit insertion with Task Force WARRIOR; 3d

Battalion, 227th Aviation; and 5th Squadron (Search and Rescue assets), 6th Cavalry. [12th Aviation Brigade SITREP, 15 Feb 91]

----- 15th Military Intelligence Battalion with Company B,

1st Military Intelligence Battalion attached, reports total flying hours to date since start of combat as 2,121.5. [525th Military Intelligence Brigade SITREP 136 (15 Feb 91)]

----- 338th Finance Support Unit will replace 106th Finance

Support Unit (-) in performing finance service mission at Khobar Towers. [18th Finance Group SITREP, 15 Feb 91]

0900- GEN Schmitt, Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces, visits 1300 the 6th (French) Light Armored Division. [6th

(French) Light Armored Division SITREP, 15 Feb 91; XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 15 Feb 91, says also that he visited 2d Brigade, 82d Airborne Division, and 18th Field Artillery Brigade]

0930 Company B, 2d Battalion, 7th Infantry, returns from patrol of Nisab and conducts debriefing. [24th

Infantry Division SITREP, 15 Feb 91]

0830Z XVIII Airborne Corps FRAGO 33 to OPORD DESERT STORM directs the 101st Airborne Division to detach a

chemical smoke/decontamination platoon for attachment to the 82d Airborne Division during Phase III-B, and directs Dragon Brigade to detach a heavy decontamination platoon for attachment to the 3d Armored Cavalry not later than 1400Z on 17 February.

1330- GEN Schmidt pays office call on LTG Luck. [6th 1415 (French) Light Armored Division SITREP, 15 Feb 91]

1030Z Air strike (Mission Number 3015C) destroys three to six

vehicles at 30.08N, 44.11E. [XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post Journals]

1100Z Air strike (Mission Number 3065B) strikes two

buildings, communications equipment, and a radar at 30.02N, 44.15E with two buildings destroyed. [XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post Journals]

1100Z Air strike (Mission Number 3271K) strikes two bunkers

at 30.00N, 44.10E. [XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post Journals]

1153Z XVIII Airborne Corps FRAGO 34 to OPORD DESERT STORM is issued on limited distribution basis [deals with

Phase III deception operations].

1700 24th Infantry Division concludes second day of map exercise (backbriefing of Phases III and IV of

operations plan). [24th Infantry Division SITREP, 15 Feb 91]

1330Z XVIII Airborne Corps FRAGO 30 to OPORD DESERT STORM changes the "on order" boundary between the 24th

Infantry and 101st Airborne Divisions. Also tasks the 6th (French) Light Armored Division and 101st Airborne Division with the responsibility for clearing the proposed location for Logistical Base OSCAR not later than H+40, and the 24th Infantry Division for clearing the proposed location for Logistical Base ROMEO not later than H+72. [NOTE: This FRAGO was issued out of sequence.]

1345Z Air strike (Mission Number 3151C) destroys four

vehicles at 30.00N, 44.10E. [XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post Journals]

---- Air strike (Mission Number 3261K) damages two hardened

shelters at 30.39N, 44.35E. [XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post Journals]

---- Air strike (Mission Number 5103A) hits air defense

radar site at 31.05N, 44.01E; destroys two SPOON REST radars, one communications vehicle; damages one FLAT FACE or SQUAT EYE radar and one communications vehicle; pilots report that damaged radar and a damaged Thompson are still standing. [XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post Journals]

16 February (C+193; D+30)

----- Name of XVIII Airborne Corps Rear Command Post command and control element located in Logistical Base

CHARLIE changed from tactical command post to alternate command post. [XVIII Airborne Corps Rear Command Post SITREP, 16 Feb 91]

----- 3d Armored Cavalry reports that it has completed receipt of all new Bradley fighting vehicles. [3d

Armored Cavalry SITREP, 16 Feb 91]

----- 3d Armored Cavalry regimental tactical operations center displaces to MT 963147. [3d Armored

Cavalry SITREP, 16 Feb 91; XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 15 Feb 91, gives grid coordinates at MT 963146]

----- Task Force WARRIOR conducts rehearsal of long-range surveillance unit insertion with the 519th

Military Intelligence Battalion. [12th Aviation Brigade SITREP, 16 Feb 91]

----- 16th Military Police Brigade reports all elements are

in their Phase III locations. [16th Military Police Brigade SITREP 152 (16 Feb 91)]

0001 XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post assumes command and control of the corps' close battle

from the Main Command Post. [XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post SITREP 170 (16 Feb 91)]

0018 101st Airborne Division conducts cross-border reconnaissance to Phase Line CHARGER with three

OH-58C Kiowas that remain positioned along line of departure while two AH-64 Apaches proceed to CHARGER (arriving there 0139); all aircraft return at 0349 without making significant contact. [XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post SITREP 170 (16 Feb 91); XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 15 Feb 91]

0133 101st Airborne Division conducts cross-border reconnaissance with fours AH-64 Apaches crossing

line of departure; proceed to site for Forward Operating Base COBRA; all aircraft return at 0349 without making significant sightings. [XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post SITREP 170 (16 Feb 91)]

0200 One Al Abbas fired towards Dhahran from the vicinity of Al Amarra; impacts in water south of Al Jubayal.

[XVIII Airborne Corps INTSUM 395]

1000 MG McCaffrey briefs LTG Luck on three planned 24th Infantry Division cross-border operations:

artillery raid on the border post at MT 738302; 2d Squadron, 4th Cavalry, combat reconnaissance from outposts at the intersections of Main Supply Route OHIO with Combat Trails X-RAY (MT 451552) and YANKEE (MT 834298); and AH-64 Apache raid by 1st Battalion, 24th Aviation, on early warning radar site (MT 626520). [24th Infantry Division SITREP, 16 Feb 91]

1030Z XVIII Airborne Corps FRAGO 36 to OPORD DESERT STORM

tasks the 16th Military Police Brigade and the 1st Support Command to provide wrecker and recovery support to keep traffic flowing on Main Supply Route TEXAS during Phase III operations. [NOTE: This FRAGO was issued out of sequence.]

1345Z XVIII Airborne Corps FRAGO 35 to OPORD DESERT STORM directs the execution of a portion of FRAGO 17 by

directing the 12th Aviation Brigade to place an attack helicopter battalion task force under the operational control of the 82d Airborne Division effective 1500Z on 16 February, with control to last until G-2.

1500Z 5th Squadron, 6th Cavalry (12th Aviation Brigade) placed under operational control of the 82d

Airborne Division for deep attack purposes. [12th Aviation Brigade SITREP, 17 Feb 91]

1545Z XVIII Airborne Corps FRAGO 37 to OPORD DESERT STORM directs the 525th Military Intelligence Brigade,

in coordination with the 12th Aviation Brigade, 24th Infantry Division, and 3d Armored Cavalry, to conduct cross-forward line of own troops Long Range Surveillance operations to insert three teams at 2200C on G-3.

1930 24th Infantry Division conducts artillery raid by having Battery C, 2d Battalion, 17th Field

Artillery, successfully fire one COPPERHEAD round from MT 731166 at the border post at MT 738302; target lased by FIST-V belonging to the scout section of the 2d Squadron, 4th Cavalry, located south of the line of departure at MT 72482620. NOTE: this is first actual fire by element of XVIII Airborne Corps Artillery. [24th Infantry Division SITREP, 17 Feb 91; XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post SITREP 170 (16 Feb 91); XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 16 Feb 91 (giving time as 1615Z and grids as MT 733298); XVIII Airborne Corps Artillery SITREP, 17 Feb 91]

1650Z XVIII Airborne Corps FRAGO 38 to OPORD DESERT STORM releases Battery C, 6th Battalion, 27th Field

Artillery from attachment to the 101st Airborne Division and returns it to XVIII Airborne Corps Artillery effective 2100Z on 17 February. [Also see XVIII Airborne Corps Artillery SITREP, 18 Feb 91]

2101Z 2d Squadron, 4th Cavalry, conducts point terrain reconnaissance at MT 451552. [XVIII Airborne

Corps SITREP, 16 Feb 91]

17 February (C+194; D+31)

----- 2d Foreign Legion Infantry Regiment conducts reconnaissance of Al Batin border post. [6th

(French) Light Armored Division SITREP, 17 Feb 91]

----- 3d Brigade, 101st Airborne Division, and 4th Battalion, 101st Aviation, give division the air mission

briefing for plan to conduct air assault into Area of Operations EAGLE. [101st Airborne Division SITREP 193 (17 Feb 91)]

----- 3d Armored Cavalry receives M-9 Armored Combat Earthmovers. [3d Armored Cavalry SITREP, 17 Feb

91]

----- 1st Battalion, 201st Field Artillery, moves forward to positions to fire in artillery raid on Phase Line

NATCHEZ (escarpment). [MFR, 1st Battalion, 201st Field Artillery, subj.: 1-201 FA After Action Report, OPERATION DESERT SHIELD/STORM, 9 July 1991]

----- 12th Aviation Brigade "chops" 5th Squadron, 6th Cavalry, to 82d Airborne Division for deep

operations. XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 17 Feb 91]

----- Construction begins to extend Main Supply Route TEXAS north of Phase Line RAZOR. [20th Engineer Brigade

SITREP, 17 Feb 91]

----- Extension of Main Supply Route MONTANA is now six kilometers north of Phase Line RAZOR. [20th

Engineer Brigade SITREP, 17 Feb 91]

----- Advance detachment (14 personnel) of 407th Civil

Affairs Company arrives at 1st Support Command. [360th Civil Affairs Brigade SITREP, 29 (17 Feb 91)]

0001- Troop D, 4th Cavalry, conducts platoon reconnaissance

0100of intersection of Main Supply Route OHIO and Combat Trail X-RAY (MT 451562); no contact was made; 3d Battalion, 41st Field Artillery, was on call to provide fire support. [24th Infantry Division SITREP, 17 Feb 91]

0001- Troop A, 2d Squadron, 4th Cavalry, conducts platoon

0200reconnaissance of intersection of Main Supply Route OHIO and Combat Trail YANKEE; no contact was made; 3d Battalion, 41st Field Artillery, was on call to provide fire support. [24th Infantry Division SITREP, 17 Feb 91]

0100 Planned cross-border operation by 101st Airborne

Division cancelled due to weather conditions. [XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post SITREP 171 (17 Feb 91)]

0400 24th Infantry Division conducts raid on early warning radar site (MT 626520) with six AH-64 Apaches and

two OH-58C Kiowas from Companies A and B, 1st Battalion, 24th Aviation; one Apache fires thirty Hydra-70 2.75" folding fin aerial rockets at target; secondary explosion observed; site had two FLATFACE radars, two SIDENET radars, four computer vans, two TH-065 vans, five unidentified vans, five computer trailers, three tents and ten generators. [24th Infantry Division SITREP, 17 Feb 91, which does not give time; XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post SITREP 171 (17 Feb 91) which says raid was done only by five Apaches and gives target's grid at MT 620560; XVIII Airborne Corps SITREPs, 16 (giving grid as MT 629522) and 17 (giving time as 0100Z) Feb 91]

0104Z 1st Squadron, 3d Armored Cavalry, makes contact with remotely piloted vehicles at NS 0398; at one point

Battery B, 5th Battalion, 62d Air Defense Artillery, is tracking up to four of these. [3d Armored Cavalry SITREP, 17 Feb 91; XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 17 Feb 91]

0803 101st Airborne Division initiates reconnaissance from the line of departure to Phase Line CHARGER

employing AH-1 Cobras, AH-64 Apaches, and OH-58 Kiowas from the 2d Squadron, 17th Cavalry, and 2d Battalion, 229th Aviation to conduct zone reconnaissance from the line of departure to Phase Line CHARGER, route reconnaissance for proposed Main Supply Route NEWMARKET, and area reconnaissance of proposed Rapid Refuel Point at Forward Operating Base COBRA. [101st Airborne Division SITREP 193 (17 Feb 91) which says entire mission was from 0900 to 1640; XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post SITREP 171 (17 Feb 91); XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 17 Feb 91 says time 0600Z-1340Z]

1015 2d Battalion, 229th Aviation (101st Airborne Division), elements on reconnaissance engage two bunkers at

MU 251042 with 30mm gunfire from AH-64 Apaches; observe secondary explosions; initial report claims destruction of one BM-21 multiple rocket launcher (subsequently determined to be a cargo truck), six mortars and a quantity of ammunition; evacuate ten enemy prisoners of war (one officer and nine enlisted men) by employing division pathfinders and four UH-60 Blackhawks, with 2d Battalion, 320th Field Artillery, on call if fire support required; prisoners subsequently determined to have been the command post of the 2d Company, 2d Battalion of border guards incorporated in the 17th Brigade, 45th Infantry Division. [101st Airborne Division SITREP 193 (17 Feb 91) which gives initial bunker target grid at MT 251047, provides no time, and says that there were eleven prisoners, one of whom was wounded; XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post SITREP 171 (17 Feb 91); XVIII Airborne Corps INTSUMs 397, 398 and 401, which place time of engagement as 1059; XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 17 Feb 91]

1200 24th Infantry Division Artillery executes Phase II of division operations plan; Battery A (MLRS), 3d Battalion, 27th Field Artillery placed in general support reinforcing to 4th Battalion, 41st Field Artillery. [24th Infantry Division SITREP, 15 Feb 91]

1230 101st Airborne Division reconnaissance destroys two additional bunkers at MT 274910 and evacuates additional 40 enemy prisoners (later corrected to 31) of war from the same 2d Company, 2d Battalion using infantry assets and UH-60 Blackhawks. [101st Airborne Division SITREP 193 (17 Feb 91) which gives no time; XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post SITREP 171 (17 Feb 91); XVIII Airborne Corps SITREPs 397 and 398; XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 17 Feb 91]

2400 2d Brigade, 82d Airborne Division, scouts return from cross-border patrols and report that the brigade is in control of the escarpment. [82d Airborne Division SITREP 195 (18 Feb 91)]

18 February (C+195; D+32)

----- 101st Airborne Division Artillery with assistance of a training team from Communications-Electronics Command begins fielding of four AN/PSN-9 global positioning systems. [101st Airborne Division SITREP 194 (18 Feb 91)]

0116 24th Infantry Division patrol (from Company B, 2d Battalion, 7th Infantry) crosses line of departure to conduct ground point reconnaissance of border post at MT 733298 and assess damage caused by COPPERHEAD artillery raid conducted on 16 February. [24th Infantry Division SITREP, 18 Feb 91, which says patrol lasted from 2000 on 17 February to 0320, and that it recrossed border at 0525; XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post SITREP 172 (18 Feb 91); XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 18 Feb 91, which says patrol lasted from 1700Z on 17 Feb until 0120Z. NOTE: Some sources give grid as MT 783302]

0129 24th Infantry Division patrol (platoon from Company B, Task Force 2-18 Infantry) crosses line of departure to conduct reconnaissance of Hill 384 (MT 361622) and border post at MT 369616. [24th Infantry Division SITREP, 18 Feb 91, which says returned 0530; XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post SITREP 172 (18 Feb 91)]

0129 24th Infantry Division conducts cross-border route reconnaissance of Combat Trails X-RAY and YANKEE with three AH-64 Apaches from 1st Battalion, 24th Aviation, crossing the line of departure supported by UH-60 and EH-60 Blackhawks remaining behind line of departure; Apaches were to proceed north along YANKEE, turn west along Phase Line CHARGER, and then south along X-RAY; one aborted due to inoperative helmet display; the other two encountered fog on CHARGER before reaching X-RAY and turned back, returning along YANKEE and recrossing line of departure at 0243 without making contact. [24th Infantry Division SITREP, 18 Feb 91; XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post SITREP 172 (18 Feb 91)]

0130 82d Airborne Division elements cross line of departure on a cross-border mission while employing four OH-58D Kiowas to screen line of departure and employing EH-60, EC-130 and EF-111 electronic warfare assets to cover operations. [Also see XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post SITREP 172 (18 Feb 91); 18th Aviation Brigade SITREP, 17 Feb 91, which says that the brigade provided a CH- 47D Chinook to support this mission; and 82d Airborne Division SITREP 195 (18 Feb 91)]

0130 9 AH-64 Apaches from Troops A and B, 5th Squadron, 6th Cavalry, cross line of departure to strike Objective WHITE; subsequently engage targets west of As Salman including SA-6 sites, antiaircraft artillery, communications, radars, a logistical site and a mechanized infantry platoon. [XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post SITREP 172 (18 Feb 91); 12th Aviation Brigade SITREP, 18 Feb 91; 12th Aviation Brigade After-Action Report to V Corps, 9 Mar 91, which says crossed line of departure at 0115, arrived over target at 0200, engaged estimated 100 members of 841st Brigade, 45th Infantry Division, destroyed 15 trucks, numerous bunkers, and observed secondary explosions in the logistical site, suffered no losses or damage of their own, and that the mission had the support of over 500 rounds of diversionary suppressive artillery fire as well as electronic warfare support from EF-111 and EC-130 COMPASS CALL assets; XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 18 Feb 91; XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post Journals says that it was 12 AH-64s, with a CH-47 remaining on call at Rafha]

0152 1st Battalion, 82d Aviation, strike force crosses line of departure with 11 AH-64 Apaches and 3 UH-60 Blackhawks and four OH-58D Kiowas to strike Objective ROCHAMBEAU; two Apaches from Company C engage tanks at MU 2153 (Enagement Area AMBER), two Apaches from Company C engage artillery at MU 2641 (Engagement Area RED), five Apaches from Company B engage tanks and artillery at MU 2132 (Engagement Area BLUE), and two Apaches from Company A engage mechanized infantry and tanks at MU 1270 (Engagement Area BLACK); cumulative damage reported as three tanks, two to three armored personnel carriers, a multiple rocket launcher, two artillery pieces (possibly D-30s) and three to five trucks destroyed, and an infantry platoon knocked out. [Main Command Post G-3 Journal entry 0200; Also see XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post SITREP 172 (18 Feb 91); XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 18 Feb 91; XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post Journals provide additional details and states one helicopter took small arms fire]

0210- 11th (French) Marine Artillery Regiment delivers

0225preplanned fires in support of cross-border operations; 18th Field Artillery Brigade and 6th Battalion (-), 27th Field Artillery [twenty-four MLRS rockets], also fire on fourteen different targets while 1st Battalion, 201st Field Artillery participates in deception operation in support. [XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post SITREP 172 (18 Feb 91); XVIII Airborne Corps Artillery SITREPs, 17 and 18 Feb 91; XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post Journals says that 5th Battalion, 8th Artillery fired 53 rounds, 3d Battalion, 8th Artillery fired 124, and 1st Battalion, 39th Field Artillery fired 73, as well as confirming 24 MLRS rockets fired by 6th Battalion, 27th Field Artillery]

0215 1st Battalion, 201st Field Artillery, fires 227 rounds of 155mm rocket assisted projectile ammunition in support of 6th (French) Light Armored Division: 59 against LV 83301265 from Battery A (LU 70830472); 85 against LV 83201284 from Battery B (LU 70480453); and 83 against LV 83801249 from Battery C (LU 71370446). Battalion then closes in on 2d Foreign Legion Infantry Regiment. [MFR, 1st Battalion, 201st Field Artillery, subj.: 1-201 FA After Action Report, OPERATION DESERT SHIELD/STORM, 9 July 1991]

0315 5th Squadron, 6th Cavalry, aircraft recross line of departure from cross-border mission. [12th Aviation Brigade After-Action Report to V Corps, 9 Mar 91]

0337 Last 82d Airborne Division aircraft return from cross-

border mission. [Also see XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post SITREP 172 (18 Feb 91); XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 18 Feb 91]

1118 101st Airborne Division conducts cross-border operations: 2d Battalion, 229th Aviation (five AH-64 Apaches and one UH-60 Blackhawk) conducting zone reconnaissance from Phase Line CHARGER to Phase Line SMASH; 2d Squadron, 17th Cavalry (three AH-1 Cobras and three OH-58C Kiowas) conducting route reconnaissance of Main Supply Route NEWMARKET; and 3d Battalion, 101st Aviation (one AH-1 and three OH-58s) performing screening operations. [101st Airborne Division SITREP 194 (18 Feb 91) stating missions lasted from 1118 to 1751; XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post SITREP 172 (18 Feb 91); XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 18 Feb 91; XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post Journals specify that 2d Squadron, 17th Cavalry crossed line of departure at 1230 and that the 1st Battalion, 101st Aviation crossed at 1152]

1245 2d Battalion, 229th Aviation, AH-64 Apaches engages two civilian vehicles and 6-10 personnel in uniforms at MT 293903 with 30mm fire, but dense fog prevents assessing damage; also report 50 vehicles at MU 532144 and 100 personnel in bunkers at MU 53291449-MU 53871860-MU 53871385. [101st Airborne Division SITREP 194 (18 Feb 91) without giving time; XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post SITREP 172 (18 Feb 91); XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 18 Feb 91; XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post Journals say that at 1418C they saw 25-30 personnel, 5 buildings and 30 vehicles at MU 53871586 and at 1528C they saw bunkers and personnel at MU 56591671]

1540 2d Battalion, 229th Aviation, hands over route reconnaissance mission to 2d Squadron, 17th Cavalry which has force of three AH-1 Apaches and three OH-58C Kiowas. [XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post SITREP 172 (18 Feb 91); XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post Journals]

1651 2d Squadron, 17th Cavalry, engages approximately 50 vehicles at MU 532144. [XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post Journals; note XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post SITREP 172 (18 Feb 91) says 1651 which is when returned back across line of departure]

16512d Squadron, 17th Cavalry breaks contact to recross

line of departure, reporting seeing 50 vehicles at MU 532144. [XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post Journals]

1800- 3d Armored Cavalry conducts psychological operations

2030mission along border. [3d Armored Cavalry SITREP, 18 Feb 91]

2030An M-198 155mm towed howitzer from Battery C, 5th

Battalion, 8th Field Artillery, is damaged in an accident while being transported as a sling load by a CH-47D Chinook. [XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post Journals]

1730Z XVIII Airborne Corps FRAGO 39 to OPORD DESERT STORM

tasks the 82d Airborne Division, 3d Armored Cavalry, and 1st Support Command to release the civil affairs teams placed in direct support by FRAGO 20 effective 1200Z on 19 February, and concurrently tasks the 360th Civil Affairs Brigade to place one civil affairs support team in direct support of the XVIII Corps Rear Command Post.

2300- Team D, Task Force 2-69 Armor (197th Infantry Brigade),

0430conducts reconnaissance patrol to outpost at MT 364607. [24th Infantry Division SITREP, 19 Feb 91]

2400- Scouts from 3d Battalion, 15th Infantry, conduct

0118reconnaissance of the berm in the 2d Brigade, 24th Infantry Division's, area of operations around MT 838283 without making contact. [24th Infantry Division SITREP, 19 Feb 91]

----- Battery A, 3d Battalion, 41st Field Artillery, displaces forward to provide fire support out to Phase Line OPUS for night's aviation mission. [24th Infantry Division SITREP, 18 Feb 91]

19 February (C+196; D+33)

---- LTG Calvin A. H. Waller (acting Commanding General, ARCENT, and Deputy Commander in Chief, USCENTCOM) visits XVIII Airborne Corps Main Command Post at Rafha. [XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 19 Feb 91]
---- 6th (French) Light Armored Division briefs LTG Yeosock on division's operations plan. [6th (French) Light Armored Division SITREP, 19 Feb 91]
---- 2d Brigade, 101st Airborne Division, issues OPLAN

91-7 (DESERT TORRENT) for mission to seize Objective GOLD. [101st Airborne Division SITREP 195 (19 Feb 91)]

----- 3d Brigade, 101st Airborne Division, briefs MG Peay on

plans for air assault mission against estimated company (-) force at MU 526181; MG Peay decides to postpone operation by 24 hours. [101st Airborne Division SITREP 195 (19 Feb 91)]

----- 4th Battalion, 101st Aviation, conducts mission

briefing for air assault into Area of Operations EAGLE. [101st Airborne Division SITREP 195 (19 Feb 91)]

---- 3d Armored Cavalry issues FRAGO #7 to regimental OPLAN 91-3 (COMANCHE). [3d Armored Cavalry SITREP, 19 Feb 91]
----3d Armored Cavalry receives its last 47 M-1A1 (Heavy

Armor) Abrams tanks. [XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post Journals]

---- 50th Signal Battalion terminates operations at King Khalid Military City and moves to Logistical Base CHARLIE. [XVIII Airborne Corps Rear Command Post SITREP, 19 Feb 91]
---- Fuel stockage in Logistical Base CHARLIE reaches 95% of objective (5,493,433 gallons of 5.8 million). [XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 19 Feb 91]

0230 Aviation Brigade, 24th Infantry Division, initiates aerial reconnaissance mission with six AH-64 Apaches from Company C, 1st Battalion, 24th Aviation. [24th Infantry Division SITREP, 19 Feb 91]

0300 Five AH-64 Apaches from Company C, 1st Battalion, 24th Aviation, cross line of departure (one had been left behind with maintenance problems), then split into two groups to conduct route reconnaissance: two go to Objective BROWN and the proposed site for Forward Operating Base 1; the other three to Objective GRAY. [Also see 24th Infantry Division SITREP, 19 Feb 91; XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post SITREP 173 (19 Feb 91); XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post Journals says that the split came at 0330, that they turned around on Objectives BROWN and GRAYat 0400, and that mission completion was at 0500]

0500 Aviation Brigade, 24th Infantry Division elements

return from mission; observed movement 10 kilometers west of Objective GRAY which US Air Force A-10s engaged 1.5 kilometers north of NU 899459; report destruction of one BTR armored personnel carrier by Maverick missile fired by A-10. [Also see 24th Infantry Division SITREP, 19 Feb 91, which reports that recrossed line of departure at 0430; XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post SITREP 173 (19 Feb 91), which reports that the aircraft recrossed the line of departure at 0440; XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post Journals say that the A-10 destroyed the armored personnel carrier with a Maverick at NU 899459 at 0435C after being called in by 24th Infantry Division Apaches]

0800 Forty-seven M-1A1 Heavy Armor tanks for 3d Armored Cavalry depart port of Dammam. [3d Armored Cavalry SITREPs, 18 and 19 Feb 91]

1004 101st Airborne Division conducts cross-border mission with two AH-1 Apaches and two OH-58 Kiowas from 2d Squadron, 17th Cavalry, crossing line of departure to perform reconnaissance of Main Supply Route NEWMARKET. [Also see XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post SITREP 173 (19 Feb 91); XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 19 Feb 91, which gives time as 0720Z; XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post Journals which specifies further that they were north of Phase Line CHARGER at 1319 and returned south of the line of departure at 1556]

1020 101st Airborne Division conducts cross-border mission

with four AH-64 Apaches from 2d Battalion, 229th Aviation, crossing line of departure on mission to conduct zone reconnaissance from the line of departure to Phase Line SMASH. [Also see 101st Airborne Division SITREP 195 (19 Feb 91) giving total day's missions times as 1020 to 1725; XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post SITREP 173 (19 Feb 91); XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post Journals]

1030 LTG Waller briefed by 3d Armored Cavalry at XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post. [3d Armored Cavalry SITREP, 19 Feb 91]

10522d Battalion,

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